How to Create a General Partnership in North Dakota: A Beginner’s Guide


Steve Goldstein
Steve Goldstein
Business Formation Expert
Steve Goldstein runs LLCBuddy, helping entrepreneurs set up their LLCs easily. He offers clear guides, articles, and FAQs to simplify the process. His team keeps everything accurate and current, focusing on state rules, registered agents, and compliance. Steve’s passion for helping businesses grow makes LLCBuddy a go-to resource for starting and managing an LLC.

All Posts by Steve Goldstein →
Business Formation Expert  |   Fact Checked by Editorial Staff
Last updated: 
LLCBuddy™ offers informative content for educational purposes only, not as a substitute for professional legal or tax advice. We may earn commissions if you use the services we recommend on this site.
At LLCBuddy, we don't just offer information; we provide a curated experience backed by extensive research and expertise. Led by Steve Goldstein, a seasoned expert in the LLC formation sector, our platform is built on years of hands-on experience and a deep understanding of the nuances involved in establishing and running an LLC. We've navigated the intricacies of the industry, sifted through the complexities, and packaged our knowledge into a comprehensive, user-friendly guide. Our commitment is to empower you with reliable, up-to-date, and actionable insights, ensuring you make informed decisions. With LLCBuddy, you're not just getting a tutorial; you're gaining a trustworthy partner for your entrepreneurial journey.
Create a General Partnership in North Dakota

Forming a general partnership in North Dakota can be a great way to combine your skills, resources, and ideas to create a thriving business. In North Dakota, also known as The Peace Garden State, general partnerships are relatively easy to establish, making them an attractive option for entrepreneurs who want to keep things simple and cost-effective.

This article will guide you through the essential steps to start a general partnership in North Dakota. From understanding the legal requirements and drafting a partnership agreement to registering your partnership and obtaining necessary permits, we’ll provide you with the necessary tools and insights to help you launch your business venture. Whether you’re opening a boutique retail store or a cutting-edge tech startup, this comprehensive guide will help you navigate the process of starting a general partnership in North Dakota.

What is General Partnership In North Dakota

It is a business structure where two or more people come together to form a jointly owned business. In the general partnership business, the partners agree upon sharing assets, responsibilities, profits, and liabilities (legal & financial). In a general partnership, Partners consent to carry potentially unlimited liability personally. Liabilities are not restricted as they would be, for example, in a limited liability partnership (LLP) or a limited liability company (LLC) structure. Unlike the LLCs, a partner, in this case, can be legally sued for any business debts, and a possibility of seizure of personal assets can occur.

Before you start setting up your general partnership, it is advised that you consult a legal person. They will know what is best for you and your business. You can always form an LLC instead of a general partnership to protect your personal assets from business debts.

LLCBuddy Editorial Team

How to Create a General Partnership in North Dakota

To create a general partnership in North Dakota, you must follow the guidelines below: forming a business name, making a partnership agreement, requesting an EIN, getting a license and permit, getting a state-based tax ID, and opening a bank account.

Step 1: Choose a Business Name in North Dakota

Naming your business is one of the most crucial activities during the startup phase. Your general partnership name is the foundation for your brand in North Dakota and is what clients use to connect you to the products or services you offer. Legal procedures should be taken into account when choosing your partnership name. Choose a business name that will enable you to develop a strong brand identity without being hampered by irrelevant factors.

If you want to set up an LLC, there is a complete guide on North Dakota LLC name guidelines for a proper business name. Here are some guidelines you must follow while naming your general partnership-

  • Name availability: The name should be available, and no other entity should have the same name in North Dakota.
  • Trademarks
  • Limit of restricted words that need a license in North Dakota

In North Dakota, if you register your general partnership business with the North Dakota Secretary of State, then the name you choose will be the company’s official name. On the contrary, unregistered general partnership businesses use the last name of all of their partners by default. For instance, if Selena Gomez and Hailey Beiber enter business together, the partnership name is “Gomez & Bieber” by default if unregistered. However, if you would like to form a business name under something more appropriate, such as “EJI Design and Build,” then you’ll need to file a “Doing Business As (DBA)” name with North Dakota SOS.

In North Dakota, if you do not wish to file your general partnership business right away but want to hold the name that you have decided on, then you can reserve your business name for 1 year. You must file a name reservation application with the SOS to keep the name.

Step 2: Make a Partnership Agreement

After you have chosen a business name for your general partnership, the next step would be making a partnership agreement in North Dakota. A partnership agreement is a legal contract that specifies how a for-profit company would operate when run by two or more people.

The partnership agreement specifies each partner’s roles within the company, their ownership stakes, and their share of profits and losses. Additionally, it discusses business management guidelines and potential contingencies that may arise, such as a partner’s passing or a partner’s decision to leave the partnership. A partnership agreement should include the following:

  • Name of Partners
  • The principal address of the partnership
  • Purpose of the partnership
  • Terms of the partnership
  • Partnership start date and end date (if not for infinite time)
  • Partnership dissolution terms (for finite partnership)
  • Capital contribution of partners
  • Share of Interest of Partners
  • Profit distribution of partners (equal distribution by default, if not specifies any special condition)
  • Salary distribution (if applicable)
  • Partnership Management Terms
  • Terms of Partnership Sale

These key factors must be considered when forming or creating a partnership agreement in North Dakota. In this way, all business partners will understand what this is about and how to proceed if the mentioned scenarios happen in North Dakota.

Without a Partnership Agreement, your company will often be subject to the general partnership default laws of North Dakota. The default laws in North Dakota might not be appropriate for your requirements. Hence, it is important to have a transparent agreement while forming a partnership.

Step 3: Request an EIN in North Dakota

After documenting the partnership agreement, you should get or request an Employer Identification Number (EIN). An EIN will serve as the tax ID for your general partnership. EIN can be obtained from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It is a 9-digit number similar to Social Security Number. EIN, however, is distinct from SSN. It is only used for business-related activities, particularly for submitting general taxes. The form must be completed and uploaded to the IRS website. Getting EIN is necessary whether you are opening an LLC in North Dakota, or a general partnership, or something else.

The application of an EIN in North Dakota can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- You can apply for EIN online, which is the most desirable and fastest method for users.
  • Apply by Fax- Another method of obtaining EIN is to fax Form SS-4 (PDF) after entering all the correct information to (855) 641-6935.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is 4 weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone-International Applicants – International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

After you have your EIN number, you can benefit in several ways. It will provide your general partnership with the final advantage necessary to operate fully without encountering legal or judicial issues. For more details about EIN for your business, you may check why you need EIN.

Step 4: License and Permit for General Partnership in North Dakota

Before your general partnership business operates in North Dakota, you must have a business license first. A business license is a document issued by a government agency that permits you to operate your business in the geographic region that that agency governs.

To legally operate your partnership, you must apply for a business license to North Dakota Secretary of State. In some states, you might need to obtain a Privilege License. Based on the business structure, you might need it. In North Dakota, partnership businesses do not need to get to obtain a privilege license. You might even need more than one license in North Dakota. Numerous general partnership licenses need to be filed and renewed regularly.

Step 5: Obtain North Dakota Tax ID Number

In North Dakota, to conduct a business, you must comply with the North Dakota Office of State Tax Commissioner. If you have a general partnership in North Dakota, you must obtain the North Dakota Tax ID number from North Dakota Office of State Tax Commissioner. Your partnership business must pay state taxes (if applicable).

Step 6: Open a Bank Account

Once you have filed and received your general partnership license, you should now open a bank account since you will use this account for yourself, your clients, and your employees.

Your business dealings in North Dakota might be simpler with a US business bank account because it boosts your company’s legitimacy and liquidity. Most banks demand an EIN for creating a business bank account for firms other than sole proprietorships. Also, keeping separate finances helps you avoid combining personal and professional finances.

Example of General Partnership in North Dakota

Individuals looking to collaborate and numerous kinds of service providers have chosen general partnerships as their preferred business entity. That’s frequently because of its simple design, low price, and simplicity of setup. Some general partnership examples include:

  • Providing professional services (architectural firms, medical clinics, etc.)
  • Selling goods at retail
  • Opening a restaurant
  • Business Consulting

General partnerships are also formed by partners who are spouses or other family members who want to operate a business together.

Important Information

Maintaining Business License in North Dakota

Now that you have established your general partnership, you must maintain or renew your business license every now and then. Make time to check the status of your licenses at least once per year. Then, you can keep from missing anything significant. If there are any issues, you can address them.

Paying your Taxes in North Dakota

Even if you have established your general partnership in North Dakota, pay your taxes and keep everything up to date so you won’t pay any penalty. North Dakota tax information will help you with what to pay before or during the operation of your professional corporation. You must check with North Dakota Office of State Tax Commissioner for more details.

Advantages of General Partnership in North Dakota

  • Foundation only requires two people: Forming a general partnership doesn’t need many people to operate. You can form a general partnership with a partner in mind and a business plan. It can be a group of friends or colleagues, a family member, or a spouse and wife partnership.
  • Equal Rights: Everyone is granted equal rights when a business is founded using a general partnership; each partner is free to express their ideas and choose what is best for the company’s success.
  • Management Option: One of the advantages of joining a general partnership is the opportunity to select the finest management options for the company. For this reason, large partnerships should draft an agreement describing each partner’s responsibilities inside the business. As a result, each partner’s leadership abilities are enhanced.
  • Flexibility: General Partnership is the basic form of a business structure since it can be converted into any business entity, such as LLC. If you have flexibility in applying for an LLC in North Dakota, you will have default rules set by law, and you need to have an operating agreement for this.
  • Pass-through taxation: The pass-through tax structure will make the general partnership business not pay twice the tax. Due to this structure, most start-ups and entrepreneurs in North Dakota apply for a GP or LLC. And one of the main advantages of a general partnership is that partners don’t have to pay for the losses collectively.

FAQs

What is a general partnership in North Dakota?
A general partnership in North Dakota is a business that is owned by two or more individuals. They share in the profits, losses, and management of the business.
Who can form a general partnership in North Dakota?
Any two or more people, corporations, or other entities can form a general partnership in North Dakota.
What are the steps to form a general partnership in North Dakota?
To form a general partnership in North Dakota, you must first select a name for the business, file the Certificate of Partnership with the North Dakota Secretary of State, and obtain any necessary licenses and permits.
What documents are needed to form a general partnership in North Dakota?
To form a general partnership in North Dakota, you will need to file the Certificate of Partnership with the North Dakota Secretary of State.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need a written agreement?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota is required to have a written partnership agreement in order to establish the rules and regulations of the partnership.
Is a general partnership in North Dakota liable for the debts and obligations of the other partners?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota is liable for the debts and obligations of all of its partners.
Are the partners in a general partnership in North Dakota personally liable for the debts and obligations of the business?
Yes, the partners in a general partnership in North Dakota are personally liable for the debts and obligations of the business.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need to register with the state?
Yes, to form a general partnership in North Dakota, you must file the Certificate of Partnership with the North Dakota Secretary of State.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota have to pay taxes?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota is required to file an annual tax return with the state and may be responsible for paying state and federal income taxes.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota have to publish a notice in a newspaper after formation?
No, a general partnership in North Dakota does not need to publish a notice in a newspaper after formation.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need to have a bank account?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota should have a separate bank account to help manage the finances of the business.
What are the advantages of forming a general partnership in North Dakota?
The advantages of forming a general partnership in North Dakota include the simplicity of formation, the ability to share profits and losses, and the flexibility of management.
What are the disadvantages of forming a general partnership in North Dakota?
The disadvantages of forming a general partnership in North Dakota include the fact that the partners are personally liable for the debts and obligations of the business and the fact that the business will dissolve when one of the partners dies.
Is there any other legal paperwork required to form a general partnership in North Dakota?
No, there is no other legal paperwork required to form a general partnership in North Dakota other than the Certificate of Partnership.
Is it necessary to file an annual report for a general partnership in North Dakota?
No, it is not necessary to file an annual report for a general partnership in North Dakota.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need to obtain a business license?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota may need to obtain a business license, depending on the type of business.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need to obtain an EIN?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota may need to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) in order to open a bank account and file taxes.
Is it necessary to obtain insurance for a general partnership in North Dakota?
Yes, it is recommended to obtain liability insurance for a general partnership in North Dakota in order to protect the partners from personal liability in case of a lawsuit.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need to keep records?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota is required to keep records of the partnership and its activities in order to comply with the law.
Are there any restrictions on the name of a general partnership in North Dakota?
Yes, the name of a general partnership in North Dakota must be distinguishable from the names of other business entities on file with the North Dakota Secretary of State.
Can a general partnership in North Dakota have employees?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota can have employees, though the partners are responsible for payroll taxes and other employee-related obligations.
Is it necessary to obtain a federal tax identification number for a general partnership in North Dakota?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota is required to obtain a federal tax identification number in order to file taxes.
What is the duration of a general partnership in North Dakota?
The duration of a general partnership in North Dakota is determined by the partners, though the partnership dissolves when one of the partners dies or is declared legally incompetent.
Is there a limit to the number of partners in a general partnership in North Dakota?
No, there is no limit to the number of partners in a general partnership in North Dakota.
Is a professional license required to form a general partnership in North Dakota?
It depends, some professions require a professional license to form a general partnership in North Dakota.
Is it necessary to register a general partnership in North Dakota with the IRS?
Yes, a general partnership in North Dakota is required to register with the IRS in order to file taxes.
Does a general partnership in North Dakota need to have annual meetings?
No, a general partnership in North Dakota does not need to have annual meetings, though the partners should regularly communicate about the business.
What is the law governing general partnerships in North Dakota?
The law governing general partnerships in North Dakota is found in the North Dakota Revised Code sections 45-07-01 to 45-07-17.
Is there a fee to file the Certificate of Partnership in North Dakota?
Yes, there is a fee of $50 to file the Certificate of Partnership with the North Dakota Secretary of State.
What are the requirements to form a General Partnership in North Dakota?
The requirements to form a General Partnership in North Dakota include filing a Certificate of Partnership with the North Dakota Secretary of State, selecting a business name that does not conflict with the existing business name in the state, and selecting a registered agent for service of process in the state.
What are the advantages of forming a General Partnership in North Dakota?
The advantages of forming a General Partnership in North Dakota include the ability to operate with minimal paperwork, the ability to distribute profits and losses between partners according to their interests, and the ability to pass on business losses to the partners.
Are there any tax implications when forming a General Partnership in North Dakota?
Yes, there are potential tax implications when forming a General Partnership in North Dakota. General Partnerships do not pay taxes on their profits, but the individual partners may be responsible for paying taxes on their own profits.
How do I dissolve a General Partnership in North Dakota?
To dissolve a General Partnership in North Dakota, the partners must agree to dissolve the partnership and file a Certificate of Dissolution with the North Dakota Secretary of State.
What happens if one of the partners dies in a General Partnership in North Dakota?
If one of the partners in a General Partnership in North Dakota dies, the partnership will be dissolved and the remaining partners will be responsible for settling the affairs of the deceased partner.
Does a General Partnership in North Dakota need to register with the North Dakota Secretary of State?
Yes, a General Partnership in North Dakota must register with the North Dakota Secretary of State by filing a Certificate of Partnership.

Also Read

Why Create General Partnership North Dakota is So Important

One of the primary reasons why creating a general partnership in North Dakota is so important is that it provides a solid foundation for the business to operate on. When two or more individuals come together to start a business, a general partnership allows them to clearly outline their roles and responsibilities, as well as establish the terms of their partnership. This clarity can help prevent misunderstandings and conflicts down the line, ensuring that the business runs smoothly and efficiently.

Additionally, creating a general partnership can help entrepreneurs take advantage of the shared resources and expertise of multiple partners. By pooling their skills, knowledge, and resources, partners can leverage their strengths and address their weaknesses, resulting in a more robust and resilient business. This collaboration can lead to innovation, creativity, and problem-solving, helping the business navigate challenges and seize opportunities as they arise.

Furthermore, forming a general partnership can provide entrepreneurs with a sense of accountability and motivation. When partners come together to pursue a common goal, they are more likely to stay focused and committed to the business, as they have a shared stake in its success. This shared responsibility can help keep partners on track and motivated to work towards the growth and development of the business.

Another key benefit of creating a general partnership in North Dakota is that it offers flexibility and adaptability to changing circumstances. Partnerships can be adapted and adjusted as the business evolves, allowing partners to respond to market trends, customer feedback, and other external factors. This versatility can help the business stay agile and nimble, enabling it to pivot and adjust its strategies as needed.

Moreover, forming a general partnership can provide entrepreneurs with access to a wider network of contacts and opportunities. Partners can leverage each other’s connections, relationships, and resources to expand their reach and tap into new markets. This collaborative approach can help the business grow and expand more quickly than if each partner were working independently.

In conclusion, creating a general partnership in North Dakota is a key step in building a successful and sustainable business. By establishing a solid foundation, leveraging shared resources and expertise, fostering accountability and motivation, adapting to changing circumstances, and tapping into a wider network of contacts and opportunities, partners can set themselves up for success in the dynamic and competitive business environment.

Conclusion

In conclusion, starting a general partnership in North Dakota may effectively combine resources, expertise, and creativity to achieve your mutual business goals. By understanding the legal requirements, drafting a thorough partnership agreement, and registering your partnership, you’ll be well on your way to a successful collaboration. As you embark on this exciting journey, remember to maintain open communication and stay committed to the shared vision that inspired your partnership in the first place.

Leave a Comment