How to Start an S-Corp in Indiana


Steve Goldstein
Steve Goldstein
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Steve Goldstein runs LLCBuddy, helping entrepreneurs set up their LLCs easily. He offers clear guides, articles, and FAQs to simplify the process. His team keeps everything accurate and current, focusing on state rules, registered agents, and compliance. Steve’s passion for helping businesses grow makes LLCBuddy a go-to resource for starting and managing an LLC.

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Start an S-corporation in Indiana

Indiana, popularly known as The Hoosier State, offers a bunch of benefits for business owners, especially the state capital Indianapolis has a lot to offer to the rising entrepreneurs in the state. If you want to start a business in Indiana, you must choose an appropriate corporate structure. You can have a corporation or a sole proprietorship or set up an LLC in Indiana. There are a few guidelines that you should be aware of when it comes to starting an S-Corporation. In Indiana, S-Corporation is businesses’ most common corporate structure, especially start-ups. It was developed in order to give companies limited liability protection while preserving the advantages of being a distinct legal organization.

In this article, you will learn about how to start an s-corporation in Indiana. You will also learn whether an s-corporate business structure suits your business. Please read all the points carefully before starting your business in Indiana.

What is an S-Corp in Indiana?

An S corporation (S-corp) is not a type of corporate entity, unlike a limited liability company (LLC) or other business structures. It’s a tax classification that might result in significant financial savings for both corporations and LLCs but in different ways. S-corp is similar to LLC, except that the IRS treats it as a corporation for tax purposes.

If you want an S corp status for your business, you can always form an LLC to protect your personal assets from business debts. It takes some basic steps to have a successful s-corporation in Indiana. S-Corps do pay corporate income taxes, but they are still treated as disregarded companies for federal tax purposes.

S-corps pay corporate taxes that LLCs do not have to pay. If you want to have an S-corp status, then we would recommend you have an LLC instead. This will protect your personal assets from your business liabilities and you don’t have to pay any corporate taxes.

LLCBuddy Editorial Team

Limitation and Requirements of S-Corp in Indiana

As you have decided to have an S-Corp structure for your business, you must know the limitations and requirements to qualify for S-Corp status. We have listed some important points to consider following for your reference-

  • Be a domestic corporation.
  • Not be an ineligible corporation, such as specific financial institutions, insurance providers, or domestic corporations engaged in overseas sales.
  • Have just one type of stock.
  • Have a maximum of 100 shareholders or members.
  • Have only permitted individuals, certain trusts, and estates as stockholders or members.

If you are qualified for the limitations and requirements, you can apply for an S-Corp in Indiana.

How to Start an S-Corporation in Indiana?

To create S-Corp in Indiana, you must follow the below guidelines that include forming a business name, hiring a Registered Agent, filing your Articles of Organization, creating an operating agreement in Indiana, requesting an EIN, filing a form 2553.

Step 1: Register a Business Name in Indiana

After you have decided on the idea to start an S-Corp in Indiana, deciding the name for your corporation is significant. Legal procedures should be taken into account when choosing your partnership name. Choose a business name that will enable you to develop a strong brand identity.

If you want to set up an LLC, there is a complete guide on Indiana LLC name guidelines for a proper LLC name. Here are some guidelines you must follow while naming your S-corp.

  • Avoid profanities
  • The name should be available, and no other entity should have the same name in Indiana.
  • Limit of restricted words that need a license in Indiana, for example, doctors, attorneys, etc.
  • Do not use a business name that sounds like a government agency or entity (like “police,” “county,” and “state”)

Step 2: Hiring the Indiana Registered Agent

The next step in starting an S-corp in Indiana is hiring a Indiana Registered Agent, a person that accepts legal paperwork on behalf of your business. This person or business will receive important tax forms, legal documents (such as subpoenas), all notices of lawsuits, and other official government correspondence in Indiana. Forming an LLC and an S-corp will be easier if you have Registered Agent in Indiana.

Step 3: File Your Indiana Articles of Organization

The Articles of Organization is an important document to start your limited liability company (LLC). Indiana Articles of Organization is a simple document that contains the business name and address as well as the name and address of the person who received lawsuits on behalf of the organization. In order for the “Articles of Organization” to be filed, you need to pay a filing fee to the state. In Indiana, the filing fee is $100 (by mail and $95 online).

In California, along with the Articles of Organization, you must send the Statement of Information to file your company. The statement of information is a mandatory document in California, but other states do not have this document.

Step 4: Creating an Operating Agreement in Indiana

After you have filed your Articles of Organization in Indiana, the next step is to create an LLC operating agreement in Indiana. The Indiana LLC operating agreement is essential and necessary since it will cover your corporation’s important documentation and rules. The operating agreements usually include the following-

  • Article I: Organization
  • Article II: Management and Voting
  • Article III: Capital Contributions
  • Article IV: Distributions
  • Article V: Membership Changes
  • Article VI: Dissolution

After creating the LLC operating agreement, you can benefit in several ways since it will discuss how decisions for the business will be made, including management and member voting structure. For more details about how an operating agreement works, please check Operating Agreement.

Step 5: Request for EIN in Indiana

After documenting the operating agreement, you should get or request an Employer Identification Number (EIN). An EIN will serve as the tax ID for your general partnership. EIN can be obtained from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It is a 9-digit number similar to Social Security Number. EIN, however, is distinct from SSN. It is only used for business-related activities, particularly for submitting general taxes. The form must be completed and uploaded to the IRS website.

The application of an EIN in Indiana can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- You can apply for EIN online, the most desirable and fastest method for users.
  • Apply by Fax- Another method of obtaining EIN is to fax Form SS-4 (PDF) after entering all the correct information to (855) 641-6935.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is 4 weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone-International Applicants – International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

If you would like to be assisted in getting an EIN in the Internal Revenue Service, we can get your EIN for you. Our EIN service is quick and hassle-free. For more details about EIN for your business, check why you need EIN.

Step 6: File Form 2553 for Your S-Corp Business in Indiana

Once you have obtained your EIN and Articles of Organization to form an S-Corp, you must file Form 2553, Election by a Small Business Corporation, to apply for S-corp status. Filing a form 2553 should be done 75 days after the formation of your S-Corp, or not more than 75 days after the beginning of the tax year in which the election is to take effect.

If your LLS-Corp has passed the deadline of 75 days, you must also file Form 8832, Entity Classification Election, in order to opt to be taxed as a corporation. Then you would send Form 2553 and Form 8832 jointly by certified mail from the USPS. In Indiana, you can send your form 2553 to the Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Center – Kansas City, MO 64999 Fax: 855-887-7734.

Advantages of Starting an S-Corporation in Indiana

Filing an S-Corp in Indiana has numerous benefits and advantages.

  • Writing Off Losses: With S-corp, owners can deduct business losses from their individual income statements. If the company loses money in the first few years, it may balance its other sources of revenue. Even so, understand the shareholder loss limitations set by the IRS.
  • Pass-Through Taxation: Starting an S-Corp is the widely known advantage in forming this kind of business structure since an s-corp uses a pass-through taxation structure. The company does not pay twice the tax in this kind of taxation. Because of this structure, most start-ups and entrepreneurs in Indiana apply for an S-Corp LLC.
  • Qualified Business Income Deduction: A qualified business income, or QBI, is the total of all qualified items of income, gain, deduction, and loss from any qualified trade or business, including S-Corp. With this, S corp owners may deduct up to 20% of their eligible earnings under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

FAQs

What is an S-Corporation?
An S-Corporation is a type of corporation which is recognized and taxed under Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. It is a popular choice for small businesses because of its tax advantages and flexibility.
How do I start an S-Corp in Indiana?
To start an S-Corp in Indiana, you will first need to file Articles of Incorporation with the Indiana Secretary of State. After that, you must obtain a registered agent in Indiana, obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS, open a bank account and obtain any necessary licenses and permits.
What are the benefits of forming an S-Corp in Indiana?
There are several benefits to forming an S-Corp in Indiana, including reduced liability, tax savings, and increased flexibility. Additionally, S-Corps are relatively easy to set up and maintain compared to other types of business entities.
What documents do I need to file to form an S-Corp in Indiana?
To form an S-Corp in Indiana, you must file Articles of Incorporation with the Indiana Secretary of State. You may also need to obtain a registered agent in Indiana, obtain a Federal Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS, open a bank account, and obtain any necessary licenses or permits.
What is the filing fee to form an S-Corp in Indiana?
The filing fee to form an S-Corp in Indiana is $90.
What is the deadline for filing taxes for an S-Corp in Indiana?
The deadline for filing taxes for an S-Corp in Indiana is June 15th for the previous year.
What is the minimum capital requirement to form an S-Corp in Indiana?
There is no minimum capital requirement to form an S-Corp in Indiana.
What are the corporate governance requirements for an S-Corp in Indiana?
An S-Corp in Indiana must have a Board of Directors and corporate officers, keep records of all meetings, and hold an annual meeting.
Are there any restrictions on who can be a shareholder of an S-Corp in Indiana?
Yes, only individuals, certain trusts, and certain estates can be shareholders of an S-Corp in Indiana.
How much does it cost to maintain an S-Corp in Indiana?
The cost to maintain an S-Corp in Indiana depends on factors such as the size of the company and the type of services needed. Generally, there are annual fees for filing required documents with the state and fees for obtaining licenses and permits.
Who is responsible for paying taxes for an S-Corp in Indiana?
The shareholders of an S-Corp in Indiana are responsible for paying taxes on the business’s income.
Are there any other taxes that an S-Corp in Indiana must pay?
Yes, an S-Corp in Indiana may also be subject to state and local taxes, such as sales and property taxes.
How do I dissolve an S-Corp in Indiana?
To dissolve an S-Corp in Indiana, you must file a Certificate of Dissolution with the Indiana Secretary of State and notify the IRS of the business’s dissolution.
Is there any liability protection offered to shareholders of an S-Corp in Indiana?
Yes, shareholders of an S-Corp in Indiana have limited liability protection, meaning that their personal assets are generally not at risk if the business is sued or incurs debts.
What is an S-Corp?
An S-Corp is a type of corporation that is taxed differently than other types of corporations. It offers small business owners the potential to save money on taxes while providing them with the benefits of a corporation.
How do I form an S-Corp in Indiana?
To form an S-Corp in Indiana, you must first file an Articles of Incorporation with the Indiana Secretary of State. You must also file a Statement of Information and a Statement of Your Corporate Purpose. You will also need to adopt corporate bylaws, issue shares of stock, and appoint a registered agent.
What are the benefits of an S-Corp in Indiana?
S-Corps in Indiana provide several benefits to small business owners, including the potential to save money on taxes. Additionally, forming an S-Corp can provide limited liability protection for the owners of the company and allow for more flexibility in terms of ownership and management.
What are the tax requirements for an S-Corp in Indiana?
S-Corps in Indiana must file an annual corporate tax return and pay state taxes. Additionally, owners of the corporation must pay self-employment taxes on their business income.
What is the filing fee for an S-Corp in Indiana?
The filing fee for an S-Corp in Indiana is $90.
Are there any ongoing requirements for an S-Corp in Indiana?
Yes, S-Corps in Indiana must file an annual report with the Indiana Secretary of State each year. Additionally, owners of the corporation must file personal taxes each year.
Are there any specific legal documents required for an S-Corp in Indiana?
Yes, S-Corps in Indiana must have Articles of Incorporation, a Statement of Information, a Statement of Your Corporate Purpose, and corporate bylaws.
Is there a minimum amount of capital required to form an S-Corp in Indiana?
No, there is no minimum amount of capital required to form an S-Corp in Indiana.
How long does it take to form an S-Corp in Indiana?
It typically takes about 7-10 business days to form an S-Corp in Indiana.
What are the restrictions on ownership of an S-Corp in Indiana?
The restrictions on ownership of an S-Corp in Indiana include that the corporation must have no more than 100 shareholders, the shareholders must be either individuals, certain trusts, or estates, and the shareholders must be U.S. citizens or residents.
Are S-Corps in Indiana required to hold annual meetings?
Yes, S-Corps in Indiana are required to hold annual meetings.
What are the legal requirements for an S-Corp in Indiana?
The legal requirements for an S-Corp in Indiana include filing Articles of Incorporation, issuing shares of stock, appointing a registered agent, adopting corporate bylaws, and filing an annual report.
Is there a minimum number of shareholders required for an S-Corp in Indiana?
No, there is no minimum number of shareholders required for an S-Corp in Indiana.
Are there any restrictions on the types of activities an S-Corp in Indiana can engage in?
Yes, S-Corps in Indiana are restricted from engaging in certain types of activities, such as banking and insurance.
Can an S-Corp in Indiana issue stock?
Yes, an S-Corp in Indiana can issue stock.
Can an S-Corp in Indiana issue debt?
Yes, an S-Corp in Indiana can issue debt.
Is there a minimum or maximum number of shares that can be issued by an S-Corp in Indiana?
No, there is no minimum or maximum number of shares that can be issued by an S-Corp in Indiana.
Can an S-Corp in Indiana pay dividends to its shareholders?
Yes, an S-Corp in Indiana can pay dividends to its shareholders.
Are there any restrictions on the types of investments an S-Corp in Indiana can make?
Yes, S-Corps in Indiana are restricted from making certain types of investments, such as investments in real estate or other businesses.

Also Read

Why Indiana S Corporation is So Important

One of the primary reasons why Indiana S Corporations are so important is the tax advantages they offer. Unlike traditional C Corporations, S Corporations are not subject to corporate income tax at the federal level. Instead, the income generated by an S Corporation is passed through to the individual shareholders, who are then taxed at their individual tax rates. This can result in significant tax savings for business owners, particularly those in higher tax brackets.

Additionally, S Corporations have the option to elect fringe benefits for their employees, which can be deducted as a business expense. This can include health insurance, retirement plans, and other benefits that are not subject to employment taxes. By offering these benefits, S Corporations can attract and retain top talent, creating a more competitive and successful business.

Furthermore, Indiana S Corporations provide liability protection for their shareholders. Like C Corporations, S Corporations are separate legal entities from their owners, meaning that the personal assets of shareholders are protected in the event of a lawsuit or bankruptcy. This can provide peace of mind for business owners, allowing them to focus on growing their business without the fear of personal financial ruin.

In addition to tax advantages and liability protection, Indiana S Corporations also offer flexibility in ownership structure. Unlike C Corporations, which have restrictions on the number and type of shareholders they can have, S Corporations can have up to 100 shareholders who must be US citizens or residents. This can make it easier for small businesses to raise capital and attract investors, without having to worry about violating complex ownership rules.

Ultimately, the importance of Indiana S Corporations cannot be understated. These types of corporations offer numerous benefits to business owners, including tax advantages, liability protection, and flexibility in ownership structure. By understanding why Indiana S Corporations are so important, entrepreneurs can make informed decisions about the best corporate structure for their business and set themselves up for success in the Hoosier state.

Conclusion

In conclusion, starting an S-corp in Indiana is a strategic choice for entrepreneurs seeking the benefits of limited liability and favorable tax treatment. One can successfully establish an S-corp by following the outlined steps, including selecting a unique name, filing the Articles of Incorporation, obtaining necessary licenses, and adhering to state-specific regulations. Ultimately, this corporate structure offers a strong foundation for business growth and protection, making it a worthwhile consideration for those looking to launch a venture in Indiana.

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