How to Start a Business in Montana

Steve Goldstein
Steve Goldstein
Business Formation Expert
Steve Goldstein runs LLCBuddy, helping entrepreneurs set up their LLCs easily. He offers clear guides, articles, and FAQs to simplify the process. His team keeps everything accurate and current, focusing on state rules, registered agents, and compliance. Steve’s passion for helping businesses grow makes LLCBuddy a go-to resource for starting and managing an LLC.

All Posts by Steve Goldstein →
Business Formation Expert  |   Fact Checked by Editorial Staff
Last updated: 
LLCBuddy™ offers informative content for educational purposes only, not as a substitute for professional legal or tax advice. We may earn commissions if you use the services we recommend on this site.
At LLCBuddy, we don't just offer information; we provide a curated experience backed by extensive research and expertise. Led by Steve Goldstein, a seasoned expert in the LLC formation sector, our platform is built on years of hands-on experience and a deep understanding of the nuances involved in establishing and running an LLC. We've navigated the intricacies of the industry, sifted through the complexities, and packaged our knowledge into a comprehensive, user-friendly guide. Our commitment is to empower you with reliable, up-to-date, and actionable insights, ensuring you make informed decisions. With LLCBuddy, you're not just getting a tutorial; you're gaining a trustworthy partner for your entrepreneurial journey.
Start a Business in Montana

Starting your own business in Montana is one of the most exciting and profitable things you can experience. But where do you begin? There are numerous strategies to establish a business, each with important factors to consider. If you wish to start a business in Montana, there are many things that you should consider. Doing business in Montana, popularly known as The Treasure State, will give you many opportunities because of the current estimated population, which consists of 1,112,668. Considering the large numbers, you will cater to a lot of customers.

Follow our in-depth guide on how to start a business in Montana. We will help you remove the doubt from the process and explore your chances of success. It will start from defining your business idea to establishing, launching, and expanding your business. And we will guide you every step of the way.

How to Start a Business in Montana?

To form a business in Montana, you must follow a few steps that include creating a business plan, choosing a business entity type, determining your Montana business costs, naming your business, registering a business, and lastly, marketing your Montana business. Starting a business is not something you can do overnight. The processing, planning, and preparation take a lot of time. If you want to start a business in Montana, you must have everything ready beforehand.

Continue reading to learn more about the procedure as a whole and what new small business owners should keep in mind as they carry out each phase.

Step 1: Create a Business Plan

The first thing you need to start your business is a solid plan. In creating a business plan, you should consider many things when you are in the decision-making phase. Your business plan in Montana is a road map for your successful business.

A business plan should consider the detailed purpose of your business. You should know what product or service you will serve in Montana. A purposeful business plan is important because that plays a key role in knowing how your business will make a profit. If the purpose of the business plan is vague and not aligned with what service you are giving, it will affect the business you are forming. Make sure to be SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and in a certain timeframe) with your business goals. Also, researching your competitor’s service is a great deal to knowing what strategy you will form for your Montana business. And lastly, you should include the funding of your business.

A business plan should be created before you start a business. Without it, you have nothing but a blank slate. This document will help you understand the key parts of your business and the plan for success. Regarding the potential funding for your business in Montana, you can avail of business loans in bank and investor funding.

You can continue working on the legal structure of your business once you have the whole plan in your possession. You may create an LLC for your business legally. You can check other business guides shared by the LLCBuddy Editorial Team.

Step 2: Choose a Business Entity in Montana

A business entity refers to a legal structure formed to conduct business activities. It is a separate and distinct organization recognized by the law, which possesses rights, responsibilities, and liabilities distinct from its owners or members. Choosing a business entity for your Montana business is significant.

You must decide on a business entity structure while beginning your own business. The form of company entity you choose will significantly impact how well your personal assets are protected, how much tax you pay, and how much paperwork you have to deal with. You should consider forming a business entity in Montana through having Sole Proprietorship, LLC, LLP, and Corporation.

Sole Proprietorships

A sole proprietorship is a simple and common type of business structure where an individual owns, operates, and manages the entire business. It is the easiest and least expensive form of business organization to establish and maintain. One of the most appealing aspects of a sole proprietorship is the owner’s direct control over all aspects of the business.

A key characteristic of a sole proprietorship is that the owner and the business are considered a single legal entity. This means that all profits, losses, assets, and liabilities are the owner’s personal responsibility. Although this can lead to increased risk exposure, it allows the owner to control their business operations completely.

Consider a sole proprietorship if you want to start a business in Montana by yourself. For legal and tax reasons, the owner and the business are regarded as one and the same. The business owner takes on liability for the business. Therefore, the owner is liable for all business debts in the event that the company fails.

Limited Liability Company

A Limited Liability Company, also known as an LLC, is a business structure ideal for entrepreneurs and start-ups. It is perfect for start-ups and aspiring entrepreneurs since it has limited liability issues for a company. The Montana LLC is mainly used for the legal structure of a business between two or more companies that share management and profits. It also protects its owners from liabilities, debts, and responsibilities that may cause them in the future.

LLCs offer pass-through taxation, meaning that the profits and losses flow through to the members’ personal tax returns, avoiding double taxation that corporations may experience. Additionally, LLCs have fewer formal requirements and administrative burdens compared to corporations. Read Montana classification of LLC tax to get more information about tax.

Another advantage of an LLC is the flexibility in the management structure. Members can choose to manage the company themselves or appoint managers to oversee the business operations. This allows for customization based on the unique needs and preferences of the owners.

Limited Liability Partnership

Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) are a unique business structure combining partnerships and corporations’ elements. An LLP offers limited liability protection to its partners, meaning that each partner is only responsible for their actions and debts rather than jointly and severally liable for the entire partnership’s obligations.

This structure is particularly popular among professional service providers such as lawyers, accountants, and architects, as it allows them to maintain the collaborative nature of a partnership while enjoying the liability protection typically associated with corporations.

In an LLP, each partner’s income is subject to self-employment taxes, and the profits and losses are passed through to the partners’ personal income tax returns, similar to a general partnership. This pass-through taxation avoids the double taxation issue faced by some corporations.


Forming a Montana corporation reduces your personal liability for business debts as an LLC does. A corporation can be taxed as an S-corporation (S-Corp) or a C-corporation (C-Corp). If a small corporation satisfies certain Internal Revenue Service (IRS) standards, then S-corporation status is available, providing pass-through taxation. However, most larger businesses and startups seeking venture financing are taxed as C-corps.

Step 3: Determine your Montana Business Costs

In Montana, you should determine the business costs that you will form. You should consider paying the Articles of Organization fee for LLCs, Articles of Incorporation fees for corporations, business licenses fee, office supplies and equipment, payroll, office rent, utilities, transportation, and taxes.

Usually, filing an initial Montana Articles of Organization fee costs $70, while the annual fee costs $20 in Montana. Read about the overall cost of LLC registration in Montana cost to know more about Montana LLC cost. If you wish to know more about how much it costs to form an LLC, you should look up and be guided by the LLC formation costs. For a corporation, you must pay the $70 for filing online.. Besides, you need to pay taxes as a corporation.

Step 4: Name Your Business in Montana

Naming your business doesn’t take a lot of time. With the help of Montana LLC name search, you can acquire a name for your business. If you form an LLC in Montana, you must follow the below rules while naming your business-

  • The name should not be confused with a government entity.
  • The name should be unique.
  • The name should be available to use.
  • Any other business does not use the name.
  • The new name must include “LLC” if it is a limited liability company.

In Montana, if you do not wish to file your business right away but want to hold the name that you have decided on, then you can reserve your business name for 120 days. You must file a name reservation application in the Montana Secretary of State to keep the name. There is a complete guide on LLC name guidelines for you to have a proper LLC business name.

Step 5: Register Your Business in Montana

In order to register a business in Montana, you need to file it with the Montana Secretary of State. Before that, you must have a Montana Registered Agent for your business. The Registered Agent is a person who is responsible for receiving important legal documents on your behalf.

Get the Montana Registered Agent

You must get your Montana Registered Agent before you file your business. The person should be eligible to conduct business in Montana. Also, they must be aged above 18 years. You can be your own registered agent. However, that will not be a wise decision. Appointing a professional will be much more beneficial for your business than doing it on your own.

Apply For Montana Formation Document

After you have a Registered Agent, you need to file the Montana formation document. If you are filing an LLC in Montana, you must file the Articles of Organization and if you want to have a corporation structure, you need to file the Montana Articles of Incorporation.

Request For an EIN

In addition to the paperwork, you should apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). An EIN will serve as the tax ID for your professional corporation. EIN can be obtained from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It is a 9-digit number similar to Social Security Number. EIN, however, is distinct from SSN. It is only used for business-related activities, particularly for submitting general taxes. The form must be completed and uploaded to the IRS website. You can obtain the EIN for free from IRS.

The application of an EIN in Montana can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- The online EIN application is the preferred method for customers to apply for and obtain an EIN.
  • Apply by Fax- Taxpayers can fax the completed Form SS-4 application to the appropriate fax number), after ensuring that Form SS-4 contains all of the required information.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is 4 weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone (for International Applicants)– International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

After you have your EIN number, you can benefit in a number of ways. It will give your LLC the final advantage necessary to operate at full capacity without encountering legal or judicial issues.

Step 6: Apply for Business License and Permit

Obtaining a business license and operating permit is necessary to run any business in Montana. Before launching your new business, you should request any required business license or permission. Most Montana businesses need licenses or permits to operate. Federal, state, and local governments may all require businesses to have licenses and permits. The business license fee depends on the type of license you are applying for. You must contact Montana Secretary of State for more details.

Step 7: Get a Bank Account

Your business dealings in Montana might be simpler with a US business bank account because it boosts your company’s legitimacy and liquidity. Most banks demand an EIN to create a business bank account for firms other than sole proprietorships. Also, keeping separate finances helps you avoid combining personal and professional finances.

Step 8: Market your Business in Montana

Now that your Montana business is already registered, you can market it with an ideal marketing plan. An ideal marketing plan can help a start-up business to become known. Making a comprehensive social media network like META, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube falls within this category. While creating an SEO campaign for your company website, you may also look at specialized communities on Facebook and LinkedIn.

Important Information

Do you need to have Business Insurance?

Your company needs insurance even if it’s a home-based business or you don’t have employees. Depending on your business planning and the risks you face, you may require different types of insurance. As your business expands, you might require more than one type of insurance. If you have employees, you are typically legally required to carry workers’ compensation insurance. You must contact Montana State Auditor’s Office, Insurance and Securities Division to ensure what type of insurance is required for your business.

What is the most profitable type of business?

The most profitable type of business will vary depending on a number of factors, including your industry, location, target market, and business strategy. However, some companies, such as those that provide expensive products and other services, tend to be more profitable than others. If you’re unsure about the kind of business to launch, think about your abilities and interests and the demands of your target market to guide your decision on an effective business.


What taxes do I need to pay when starting a business in Montana?
Depending on the type of business you are starting and the services you are providing, you may need to pay taxes such as income tax, excise tax, sales tax, and property tax. You should contact the Montana Department of Revenue for specific details on the taxes you will need to pay.
Are there any special requirements for starting a business in Montana?
Depending on the type of business you are starting, there may be special requirements such as obtaining a license or permit from the state. You should contact the Montana Department of Labor and Industry for more information on specific requirements.
Is there any financial assistance available to start a business in Montana?
Yes, there are several financial assistance programs available to help businesses start and grow in Montana. The Montana Department of Commerce has information on grants, loans, and other forms of assistance.
What type of paperwork do I need to file when starting a business in Montana?
Depending on the type of business you are starting, you may need to file paperwork such as articles of incorporation, a business license, or a tax registration form. The Montana Secretary of State has more information on the specific paperwork that needs to be filed.
What is Start a Business Today in Montana?
Start a Business Today in Montana is a free online resource that helps entrepreneurs start, grow, and manage their businesses in the state of Montana.
What type of businesses can I start in Montana?
You can start any type of business in Montana, including limited liability companies, sole proprietorships, professional corporations, and non-profits.
Do I need a business license to operate in Montana?
Yes, most businesses in Montana are required to obtain a business license before they can operate.
What are the advantages of starting a business in Montana?
Montana offers a number of advantages for businesses, including a business-friendly tax structure, a relatively low cost of living, and access to a highly educated workforce.
How can I find out more about starting a business in Montana?
Start a Business Today in Montana provides a wealth of information about starting and running a business in the state. You can find more information about the licensing requirements and other business resources by visiting the website.
Where can I find financing for my business in Montana?
There are a number of financing options available for businesses in Montana, including government-backed loans and grants, private investors, and crowdfunding platforms.
Is there any assistance available to help me start my business in Montana?
Yes, the Montana Department of Commerce provides a number of resources to help businesses get started in the state, including mentorship programs, access to capital, and workforce training programs.
What type of taxes do I need to pay when operating a business in Montana?
Montana businesses are subject to state, local, and federal taxes, including income tax, sales tax, and payroll taxes.
What types of businesses are not allowed in Montana?
Certain types of businesses, such as gaming and gambling, are not allowed in Montana.
Where is Start a Business Today located in Montana?
Start a Business Today is located in Helena, Montana.
How can I get help starting a business in Montana?
Start a Business Today can help you get started with all of the information, resources, and contacts you need to launch your business in Montana.
What services does Start a Business Today offer?
Start a Business Today offers a wide range of services including business plan development, advice on business structure and legal compliance, market research and analysis, access to financing and capital, and assistance with launching your business.
What business tax incentives are available in Montana?
Start a Business Today can provide you with comprehensive information about the various tax incentives available for businesses in Montana.
What types of businesses can I start in Montana?
You can start almost any type of business in Montana that is compliant with the Montana laws and regulations.
Does Start a Business Today provide financing?
Start a Business Today can help you identify and access financing options, including grants, loans, and other forms of funding.
Does Start a Business Today provide advice on developing a business plan?
Yes, Start a Business Today can provide you with advice and support in developing a comprehensive business plan.
Does Start a Business Today provide assistance with business registration in Montana?
Yes, Start a Business Today can provide you with the necessary information and assistance to properly register and comply with the regulatory requirements in Montana.
Is Start a Business Today certified by the Montana State Government?
Yes, Start a Business Today is certified by the Montana State Government to provide business consulting and assistance.
Does Start a Business Today offer marketing support?
Yes, Start a Business Today can provide you with comprehensive marketing support, including market research and analysis, advertising, and other services.
How can I access the resources provided by Start a Business Today in Montana?
You can access the resources provided by Start a Business Today in Montana online at or by calling our office at (406) 444-3333.
Does Start a Business Today provide training and education?
Yes, Start a Business Today provides training and education sessions in a variety of topics related to starting a business in Montana.
Does Start a Business Today provide networking opportunities?
Yes, Start a Business Today can help you connect with other entrepreneurs and professionals in Montana to help you get your business off the ground.
Does Start a Business Today provide assistance with finding a location for my business in Montana?
Yes, Start a Business Today can provide you with comprehensive assistance and resources to help you find the perfect location for your business in Montana.
Does Start a Business Today provide legal advice?
Yes, Start a Business Today can provide you with legal advice and assistance to help you comply with the laws and regulations in Montana.
Does Start a Business Today provide assistance with financing my business?
Yes, Start a Business Today can help you identify and access financing options, including grants, loans, and other forms of funding.
How much does it cost to get help from Start a Business Today in Montana?
Start a Business Today offers a variety of services and packages to meet your needs, with prices starting as low as $600.

Also Read

Why Start Business Montana is So Important

One of the main reasons why starting a business in Montana is so important is the significant impact it has on the local economy. By creating new jobs, generating tax revenue, and stimulating other industries, businesses play a vital role in driving economic growth and creating wealth for the residents of the state. Entrepreneurship also fosters innovation and creativity, leading to the development of new products, services, and technologies that can benefit society as a whole.

In addition to economic benefits, starting a business in Montana can also have a positive social impact. Small businesses are often deeply rooted in their communities, supporting local charities, sponsoring events, and fostering a sense of community pride. By investing in the local economy and providing opportunities for residents to work and thrive, entrepreneurs can help build stronger, more resilient communities that are better equipped to weather economic challenges and grow sustainably over time.

Furthermore, starting a business in Montana can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for entrepreneurs themselves. Being your own boss, pursuing your passion, and building something from the ground up can bring a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction that few other endeavors can match. By taking the leap into entrepreneurship, individuals can challenge themselves, learn new skills, and push themselves to reach their full potential, both personally and professionally.

Another crucial aspect of starting a business in Montana is the role it plays in diversifying the state’s economy. While agriculture and tourism have long been the main drivers of Montana’s economy, entrepreneurship offers an opportunity to expand into new industries and sectors, creating a more balanced and resilient economy that is less dependent on external forces. By fostering a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, Montana can attract talented individuals, investment, and resources from around the country and the world, positioning itself as a competitive player in the global marketplace.

Finally, starting a business in Montana can have a lasting legacy, not only for the entrepreneur but for future generations as well. By building a successful business that creates jobs, drives economic growth, and contributes to the overall well-being of the state, entrepreneurs can leave behind a significant and positive impact that will endure long after they are gone. In this way, entrepreneurship in Montana is not just about making a profit or achieving personal success; it is about building a legacy, shaping the future, and leaving a lasting mark on the world.

In conclusion, starting a business in Montana is a crucial and transformative undertaking that offers immense opportunities and benefits for entrepreneurs, communities, and the state as a whole. By fostering a culture of entrepreneurship, innovation, and collaboration, Montana can position itself as a dynamic and competitive player in the global economy, creating a brighter future for all of its residents.

Why Montana Property Management Business is So Important

One of the primary reasons why property management is so important is the expertise and experience these companies bring to the table. Managing a property, whether it’s a single-family home or a large commercial building, requires knowledge of local laws and regulations, an understanding of market trends, and the ability to handle day-to-day operations efficiently. Property management companies have professionals who are well-versed in all these areas and more, making them an invaluable resource for property owners looking to maximize their investments.

Property management businesses also provide a layer of protection for property owners. With so many moving parts involved in managing a property – from finding and screening tenants to handling maintenance requests and collecting rent – having a professional team in place can help mitigate risks and ensure that everything runs smoothly. Property managers act as a buffer between owners and tenants, handling any issues that may arise and providing a level of security and peace of mind for all parties involved.

Moreover, property management companies play a crucial role in maintaining the value of the properties they oversee. Keeping properties well-maintained, addressing minor issues before they become major problems, and ensuring that tenants are satisfied are all vital factors in preserving the long-term value of a property. Property managers have the knowledge and resources to handle these tasks effectively, helping property owners protect their investments and generate sustainable returns.

Another key aspect of property management is tenant retention. Happy tenants are more likely to stay long-term, reducing vacancy rates and ensuring a steady stream of income for property owners. Property managers play a critical role in tenant relations, addressing their needs promptly, maintaining open lines of communication, and fostering positive relationships with tenants. By providing a high level of service and responsiveness, property management companies can help owners retain tenants, reduce turnover costs, and create a stable rental environment.

Property management businesses are also essential for property owners who may not have the time or resources to manage their investments effectively. Whether it’s a busy professional with multiple properties or an out-of-state investor, property management companies provide a valuable service by handling all aspects of property management on behalf of the owner. This allows owners to focus on other priorities while ensuring that their properties are well-cared for and generating income.

In conclusion, the role of property management companies in Montana cannot be overstated. From safeguarding investments and maintaining property values to fostering positive tenant relationships and providing expert guidance, property management companies offer a wide range of services that benefit property owners and tenants alike. Their knowledge, experience, and attention to detail make them a vital component of the real estate industry in the state, ensuring that properties are well-managed, tenants are satisfied, and investments are profitable.

Why Open a Bakery in Montana

One of the reasons why starting a business in Montana is so important is because of the impact it has on the job market. Small businesses are the backbone of our economy, and by starting new businesses, we can create new job opportunities for local residents. This not only helps to reduce unemployment rates but also keeps money circulating within our communities, boosting local businesses and supporting families.

Moreover, starting a business in Montana is essential for driving innovation and competition in the market. When new businesses enter the scene, they bring fresh ideas and perspectives that can disrupt traditional industries and create new opportunities for growth. This competition incentivizes existing businesses to improve their products and services, leading to better options for consumers and a more vibrant economy.

In addition to creating jobs and driving innovation, starting a business in Montana can also help to diversify our economy and reduce reliance on certain industries. Montana has a rich natural landscape and plenty of resources that can be leveraged for business opportunities, from agriculture and tourism to technology and renewable energy. By encouraging a diverse range of businesses to start and thrive in our state, we can build a more resilient economy that is less vulnerable to external shocks and downturns in specific industries.

Furthermore, starting a business in Montana can have a significant impact on the community at large. Small businesses are often deeply connected to their local areas, supporting community events, sponsoring local sports teams, and investing in community development projects. By starting a business in Montana, entrepreneurs can become pillars of their communities, helping to build a sense of pride and camaraderie among residents and contributing to the overall well-being of society.

Starting a business in Montana is not just about making money – it’s about building a better future for ourselves and our children. By taking the plunge and starting a business here, entrepreneurs can create a legacy that will benefit generations to come. Whether it’s a family-owned farm, a tech startup, or a boutique hotel, every new business that starts in Montana has the potential to make a lasting impact on our state and its people.

In conclusion, starting a business in Montana is essential for the growth and prosperity of our state. From creating jobs and driving innovation to diversifying our economy and supporting our communities, entrepreneurs who choose to start businesses here are making a positive impact that will be felt for years to come. If you’re considering starting a business in Montana, now is the time to take the leap and contribute to the bright future of our state.


In conclusion, embarking on the entrepreneurial journey of starting a business in Montana, also known as The Treasure State, requires thorough research, planning, and dedication. Understanding the local business landscape, choosing the right structure, and complying with all regulatory requirements are essential steps to ensuring your venture’s success. This article has provided valuable insights and guidance for aspiring entrepreneurs looking to seize the opportunities present in Montana’s dynamic economy. By leveraging available resources and approaching the process with diligence and determination, you can lay the foundation for a thriving and prosperous business in Montana.

Leave a Comment