How to Start a Business in Massachusetts

Steve Goldstein
Steve Goldstein
Business Formation Expert
Steve Goldstein runs LLCBuddy, helping entrepreneurs set up their LLCs easily. He offers clear guides, articles, and FAQs to simplify the process. His team keeps everything accurate and current, focusing on state rules, registered agents, and compliance. Steve’s passion for helping businesses grow makes LLCBuddy a go-to resource for starting and managing an LLC.

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Start a Business in Massachusetts

Starting your own business in Massachusetts is one of the most exciting and profitable things you can experience. But where do you begin? There are numerous strategies to establish a business, each with important factors to consider. If you wish to start a business in Massachusetts, there are many things that you should consider. Doing business in Massachusetts, popularly known as The Bay State, will give you many opportunities because of the current estimated population, which consists of 7,174,604. Considering the large numbers, you will cater to a lot of customers.

Follow our in-depth guide on how to start a business in Massachusetts. We will help you remove the doubt from the process and explore your chances of success. It will start from defining your business idea to establishing, launching, and expanding your business. And we will guide you every step of the way.

How to Start a Business in Massachusetts?

To form a business in Massachusetts, you must follow a few steps that include creating a business plan, choosing a business entity type, determining your Massachusetts business costs, naming your business, registering a business, and lastly, marketing your Massachusetts business. Starting a business is not something you can do overnight. The processing, planning, and preparation take a lot of time. If you want to start a business in Massachusetts, you must have everything ready beforehand.

Continue reading to learn more about the procedure as a whole and what new small business owners should keep in mind as they carry out each phase.

Step 1: Create a Business Plan

The first thing you need to start your business is a solid plan. In creating a business plan, you should consider many things when you are in the decision-making phase. Your business plan in Massachusetts is a road map for your successful business.

A business plan should consider the detailed purpose of your business. You should know what product or service you will serve in Massachusetts. A purposeful business plan is important because that plays a key role in knowing how your business will make a profit. If the purpose of the business plan is vague and not aligned with what service you are giving, it will affect the business you are forming. Make sure to be SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and in a certain timeframe) with your business goals. Also, researching your competitor’s service is a great deal to knowing what strategy you will form for your Massachusetts business. And lastly, you should include the funding of your business.

A business plan should be created before you start a business. Without it, you have nothing but a blank slate. This document will help you understand the key parts of your business and the plan for success. Regarding the potential funding for your business in Massachusetts, you can avail of business loans in bank and investor funding.

You can continue working on the legal structure of your business once you have the whole plan in your possession. You may create an LLC for your business legally. You can check other business guides shared by the LLCBuddy Editorial Team.

Step 2: Choose a Business Entity in Massachusetts

A business entity refers to a legal structure formed to conduct business activities. It is a separate and distinct organization recognized by the law, which possesses rights, responsibilities, and liabilities distinct from its owners or members. Choosing a business entity for your Massachusetts business is significant.

You must decide on a business entity structure while beginning your own business. The form of company entity you choose will significantly impact how well your personal assets are protected, how much tax you pay, and how much paperwork you have to deal with. You should consider forming a business entity in Massachusetts through having Sole Proprietorship, LLC, LLP, and Corporation.

Sole Proprietorships

A sole proprietorship is a simple and common type of business structure where an individual owns, operates, and manages the entire business. It is the easiest and least expensive form of business organization to establish and maintain. One of the most appealing aspects of a sole proprietorship is the owner’s direct control over all aspects of the business.

A key characteristic of a sole proprietorship is that the owner and the business are considered a single legal entity. This means that all profits, losses, assets, and liabilities are the owner’s personal responsibility. Although this can lead to increased risk exposure, it allows the owner to control their business operations completely.

Consider a sole proprietorship if you want to start a business in Massachusetts by yourself. For legal and tax reasons, the owner and the business are regarded as one and the same. The business owner takes on liability for the business. Therefore, the owner is liable for all business debts in the event that the company fails.

Limited Liability Company

A Limited Liability Company, also known as an LLC, is a business structure ideal for entrepreneurs and start-ups. It is perfect for start-ups and aspiring entrepreneurs since it has limited liability issues for a company. The Massachusetts LLC is mainly used for the legal structure of a business between two or more companies that share management and profits. It also protects its owners from liabilities, debts, and responsibilities that may cause them in the future.

LLCs offer pass-through taxation, meaning that the profits and losses flow through to the members’ personal tax returns, avoiding double taxation that corporations may experience. Additionally, LLCs have fewer formal requirements and administrative burdens compared to corporations. Read Massachusetts classification of LLC tax to get more information about tax.

Another advantage of an LLC is the flexibility in the management structure. Members can choose to manage the company themselves or appoint managers to oversee the business operations. This allows for customization based on the unique needs and preferences of the owners.

Limited Liability Partnership

Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) are a unique business structure combining partnerships and corporations’ elements. An LLP offers limited liability protection to its partners, meaning that each partner is only responsible for their actions and debts rather than jointly and severally liable for the entire partnership’s obligations.

This structure is particularly popular among professional service providers such as lawyers, accountants, and architects, as it allows them to maintain the collaborative nature of a partnership while enjoying the liability protection typically associated with corporations.

In an LLP, each partner’s income is subject to self-employment taxes, and the profits and losses are passed through to the partners’ personal income tax returns, similar to a general partnership. This pass-through taxation avoids the double taxation issue faced by some corporations.


Forming a Massachusetts corporation reduces your personal liability for business debts as an LLC does. A corporation can be taxed as an S-corporation (S-Corp) or a C-corporation (C-Corp). If a small corporation satisfies certain Internal Revenue Service (IRS) standards, then S-corporation status is available, providing pass-through taxation. However, most larger businesses and startups seeking venture financing are taxed as C-corps.

Step 3: Determine your Massachusetts Business Costs

In Massachusetts, you should determine the business costs that you will form. You should consider paying the Certificate of Organization fee for LLCs, Articles of Incorporation fees for corporations, business licenses fee, office supplies and equipment, payroll, office rent, utilities, transportation, and taxes.

Usually, filing an initial Massachusetts Certificate of Organization fee costs $500, while the annual fee costs $500 in Massachusetts. Read about the overall cost of LLC registration in Massachusetts cost to know more about Massachusetts LLC cost. If you wish to know more about how much it costs to form an LLC, you should look up and be guided by the LLC formation costs. For a corporation, you must pay the $275 for filing online, in-person, or by mail. Besides, you need to pay taxes as a corporation.

Step 4: Name Your Business in Massachusetts

Naming your business doesn’t take a lot of time. With the help of Massachusetts LLC name search, you can acquire a name for your business. If you form an LLC in Massachusetts, you must follow the below rules while naming your business-

  • The name should not be confused with a government entity.
  • The name should be unique.
  • The name should be available to use.
  • Any other business does not use the name.
  • The new name must include “LLC” if it is a limited liability company.

In Massachusetts, if you do not wish to file your business right away but want to hold the name that you have decided on, then you can reserve your business name for 60 days. You must file a name reservation application in the Massachusetts Secretary of State to keep the name. There is a complete guide on LLC name guidelines for you to have a proper LLC business name.

Step 5: Register Your Business in Massachusetts

In order to register a business in Massachusetts, you need to file it with the Massachusetts Secretary of State. Before that, you must have a Massachusetts Resident Agent for your business. The Resident Agent is a person who is responsible for receiving important legal documents on your behalf.

Get the Massachusetts Resident Agent

You must get your Massachusetts Resident Agent before you file your business. The person should be eligible to conduct business in Massachusetts. Also, they must be aged above 18 years. You can be your own registered agent. However, that will not be a wise decision. Appointing a professional will be much more beneficial for your business than doing it on your own.

Apply For Massachusetts Formation Document

After you have a Resident Agent, you need to file the Massachusetts formation document. If you are filing an LLC in Massachusetts, you must file the Certificate of Organization and if you want to have a corporation structure, you need to file the Massachusetts Articles of Incorporation.

Request For an EIN

In addition to the paperwork, you should apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN). An EIN will serve as the tax ID for your professional corporation. EIN can be obtained from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It is a 9-digit number similar to Social Security Number. EIN, however, is distinct from SSN. It is only used for business-related activities, particularly for submitting general taxes. The form must be completed and uploaded to the IRS website. You can obtain the EIN for free from IRS.

The application of an EIN in Massachusetts can be through the following:

  • Apply Online- The online EIN application is the preferred method for customers to apply for and obtain an EIN.
  • Apply by Fax- Taxpayers can fax the completed Form SS-4 application to the appropriate fax number), after ensuring that Form SS-4 contains all of the required information.
  • Apply by Mail- The EIN application Form SS-4 can be filed via mail. The processing time frame to receive the mail is 4 weeks.
  • Apply by Telephone (for International Applicants)– International applicants may call 267-941-1099 (not a toll-free number) from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday to obtain their EIN.

After you have your EIN number, you can benefit in a number of ways. It will give your LLC the final advantage necessary to operate at full capacity without encountering legal or judicial issues.

Step 6: Apply for Business License and Permit

Obtaining a business license and operating permit is necessary to run any business in Massachusetts. Before launching your new business, you should request any required business license or permission. Most Massachusetts businesses need licenses or permits to operate. Federal, state, and local governments may all require businesses to have licenses and permits. The business license fee depends on the type of license you are applying for. You must contact Massachusetts Secretary of State for more details.

Step 7: Get a Bank Account

Your business dealings in Massachusetts might be simpler with a US business bank account because it boosts your company’s legitimacy and liquidity. Most banks demand an EIN to create a business bank account for firms other than sole proprietorships. Also, keeping separate finances helps you avoid combining personal and professional finances.

Step 8: Market your Business in Massachusetts

Now that your Massachusetts business is already registered, you can market it with an ideal marketing plan. An ideal marketing plan can help a start-up business to become known. Making a comprehensive social media network like META, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube falls within this category. While creating an SEO campaign for your company website, you may also look at specialized communities on Facebook and LinkedIn.

Important Information

Do you need to have Business Insurance?

Your company needs insurance even if it’s a home-based business or you don’t have employees. Depending on your business planning and the risks you face, you may require different types of insurance. As your business expands, you might require more than one type of insurance. If you have employees, you are typically legally required to carry workers’ compensation insurance. You must contact Massachusetts Division of Insurance to ensure what type of insurance is required for your business.

What is the most profitable type of business?

The most profitable type of business will vary depending on a number of factors, including your industry, location, target market, and business strategy. However, some companies, such as those that provide expensive products and other services, tend to be more profitable than others. If you’re unsure about the kind of business to launch, think about your abilities and interests and the demands of your target market to guide your decision on an effective business.


What are the steps to starting a business in Massachusetts?
The steps to starting a business in Massachusetts are to choose a business structure, register the business with the state, obtain necessary permits and licenses, open a business bank account, and register with the IRS.
What types of business structures are available in Massachusetts?
Massachusetts business structures include sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), S-corporation, and C-corporation.
What documents are required to register a business in Massachusetts?
To register a business in Massachusetts, you will need to file a Certificate of Organization for an LLC, Articles of Organization for a corporation, or a DBA (Doing Business As) name registration for a sole proprietorship.
What permits and licenses are needed to start a business in Massachusetts?
The types of permits and licenses needed to start a business in Massachusetts vary depending on the type of business and the city and state where it is located. Common permits and licenses include sales tax permits, health permits, zoning permits, and business licenses.
How do I open a business bank account in Massachusetts?
To open a business bank account in Massachusetts, you will need to have the proper business documents, such as a Certificate of Organization or Articles of Organization. You will also need to provide a valid photo ID and proof of address.
How do I register with the IRS in Massachusetts?
To register with the IRS in Massachusetts, you will need to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN). This can be done online or by submitting Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number.
What are the tax requirements for businesses in Massachusetts?
The tax requirements for businesses in Massachusetts depend on the type of business and its structure. Generally, businesses must register for state and federal taxes and pay taxes on income, sales, payroll, and other taxes.
What is the Massachusetts Minimum Wage?
The current Massachusetts minimum wage is $12.75 per hour.
What are the labor laws in Massachusetts?
The labor laws in Massachusetts include minimum wage laws, overtime laws, child labor laws, equal pay laws, and other laws related to the employment of workers.
What are the unemployment insurance requirements in Massachusetts?
The unemployment insurance requirements in Massachusetts include employers paying unemployment insurance contributions, filing reports, and providing certain information to employees.
What are the requirements for workers’ compensation insurance in Massachusetts?
The requirements for workers’ compensation insurance in Massachusetts include employers obtaining coverage for employees, filing reports, and providing certain information to employees.
How do I file taxes in Massachusetts?
To file taxes in Massachusetts, you will need to complete a Massachusetts state tax return and file it with the Massachusetts Department of Revenue. You may also need to file a federal tax return with the IRS.
What are the regulations for starting a business in Massachusetts?
The regulations for starting a business in Massachusetts include the requirements for filing documents with the state, obtaining necessary permits and licenses, opening a business bank account, registering with the IRS, and complying with state and federal taxes.
What are the business insurance requirements in Massachusetts?
The business insurance requirements in Massachusetts vary depending on the type of business and the city and state where it is located. Generally, businesses should obtain liability insurance and workers’ compensation insurance.
How do I find business resources in Massachusetts?
The Massachusetts government website provides a wealth of information and resources for businesses. Additionally, organizations such as SCORE and the Small Business Administration (SBA) provide helpful resources for starting and growing a business in Massachusetts.
How do I register my trademark in Massachusetts?
To register your trademark in Massachusetts, you must submit an application to the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
What are the environmental regulations for businesses in Massachusetts?
The environmental regulations for businesses in Massachusetts include laws and regulations related to air and water quality, hazardous materials, and other environmental concerns.
What type of business plan do I need to create in Massachusetts?
The type of business plan you need to create in Massachusetts depends on the type of business you are starting. Generally, business plans should include an executive summary, company overview, market analysis, financial plan, and operations plan.
What are the laws for business advertising in Massachusetts?
The laws for business advertising in Massachusetts include laws related to advertising and marketing, such as truth in advertising laws, false advertising laws, and rules about deceptive trade practices.
What are the intellectual property laws in Massachusetts?
The intellectual property laws in Massachusetts include laws related to trademarks, patents, copyrights, and trade secrets.
What is the Massachusetts Small Business Development Center (MSBDC)?
The Massachusetts Small Business Development Center (MSBDC) is a state-funded program that provides free and low-cost services to help entrepreneurs start, manage, and grow their businesses.
What are the regulations for hiring employees in Massachusetts?
The regulations for hiring employees in Massachusetts include laws related to minimum wage, overtime, equal pay, and other labor laws. Employers must also comply with federal and state tax laws.
What are the regulations for selling products online in Massachusetts?
The regulations for selling products online in Massachusetts include laws related to sales tax, product safety, and other consumer protection laws.
What is the Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave (PFML) Program?
The Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave (PFML) Program is a state-run program that provides employees with up to 12 weeks of paid leave to care for themselves or a family member.
How do I find capital for my business in Massachusetts?
There are numerous sources of capital for businesses in Massachusetts, including banks, venture capital firms, and government grants. Additionally, organizations such as the SBA and SCORE can provide helpful resources for finding capital.
What are the regulations for food businesses in Massachusetts?
The regulations for food businesses in Massachusetts include food safety standards, labeling requirements, and other regulations related to the preparation and sale of food.
What type of insurance do I need to open a business in Massachusetts?
The type of insurance needed to open a business in Massachusetts will depend on the type of business and the city and state where it is located. Generally, businesses should obtain liability insurance and workers’ compensation insurance.
What is required to Start a Business Today in Massachusetts?
To start a business in Massachusetts, you will need a federal Employer Identification Number (EIN), a registered business name, a state business license, and other necessary permits, depending on your type of business.
What types of businesses can I form in Massachusetts?
Massachusetts allows you to form a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), corporation, professional corporation, limited liability partnership (LLP), and other business structures.
Do I need to register my business name in Massachusetts?
Yes, you need to register your business name in Massachusetts with the Secretary of State’s Corporations Division.
What permits or licenses do I need to operate my business in Massachusetts?
Depending on your type of business, you may need to obtain permits or licenses from the state, county, or city. These may include general business licenses, occupational licenses, and health/safety permits.
How do I pay taxes in Massachusetts?
Depending on the type of business, you may need to register with the Department of Revenue and pay taxes on income, sales, or other types.
Are there any resources available to help me Start a Business Today in Massachusetts?
Yes, the Massachusetts Small Business Development Center (SBDC) provides free business advice, training, and resources to business owners.
Does Massachusetts offer any incentives for businesses?
Yes, Massachusetts offers a variety of economic development incentives, such as tax credits, loans, and grants.

Also Read

Why Start Business Massachusetts is So Important

One of the key reasons why starting a business in Massachusetts is crucial is that it fosters innovation and creativity. Massachusetts has long been known as a hub for innovation, with renowned institutions like MIT and Harvard leading the charge in cutting-edge research and development. Entrepreneurs in Massachusetts have access to a wealth of resources, including top-notch talent, research facilities, and funding opportunities, which all contribute to the state’s reputation as a leader in innovation.

Furthermore, starting a business in Massachusetts provides entrepreneurs with access to a highly educated and skilled workforce. The state boasts one of the highest percentages of college-educated residents in the country, making it an attractive location for companies looking to hire top talent. With a strong emphasis on education and workforce development, Massachusetts ensures that businesses have access to a pool of skilled workers who can help drive growth and success.

In addition to a skilled workforce, Massachusetts offers a business-friendly environment that supports entrepreneurial endeavors. The state is home to a vibrant startup ecosystem, with resources such as accelerators, incubators, and networking events that provide budding entrepreneurs with the support they need to succeed. Moreover, Massachusetts has a strong network of investors and venture capitalists who are eager to invest in promising startups, further fueling innovation and growth in the state’s business community.

Starting a business in Massachusetts also has the added benefit of proximity to major markets and industry clusters. Located in the heart of New England, the state is well-positioned to access a wide range of markets, both domestically and internationally. With hubs like Boston and Cambridge serving as major economic centers, entrepreneurs in Massachusetts have the advantage of being surrounded by industry leaders and experts who can provide invaluable insights and connections.

Overall, starting a business in Massachusetts is a wise and strategic decision for aspiring entrepreneurs. The state’s rich history, world-class universities, skilled workforce, and vibrant business community all contribute to creating a supportive environment for startups to thrive and grow. By tapping into the resources and opportunities available in Massachusetts, entrepreneurs can take their ideas to the next level and contribute to the state’s legacy of innovation and success.

Why Massachusetts Property Management Business is So Important

One of the primary reasons why property management is so important in Massachusetts is because of the strict regulations that govern real estate transactions in the state. From tenant screening to lease agreements to maintenance and repairs, there are numerous requirements that landlords must adhere to in order to remain compliant with the law. Property management companies specialize in navigating these complexities, ensuring that landlords are in full compliance with all regulations and avoiding any potential legal issues.

In addition to legal compliance, property management businesses in Massachusetts also help landlords maximize their profits by keeping properties occupied and well-maintained. Vacancies can be costly for landlords, especially in a competitive market like Massachusetts where there is high demand for rental properties. Property management companies have the expertise and resources to market properties effectively, screen potential tenants, and ensure that vacancies are minimized.

Furthermore, property management businesses in Massachusetts are crucial in maintaining the value of real estate investments. Properties that are poorly maintained or mismanaged can lose value over time, resulting in reduced returns for the landlord. Property management companies have the knowledge and experience to address maintenance issues promptly, make necessary repairs, and ensure that properties are well-cared for. By maintaining the value of their properties, landlords can protect and enhance their investment over the long term.

Another key reason why property management is so important in Massachusetts is because of the peace of mind it provides to landlords. Managing rental properties can be a time-consuming and stressful endeavor, particularly for landlords who have multiple properties or do not live in close proximity to their investments. Property management companies handle all aspects of property management, from finding and screening tenants to collecting rent to handling maintenance issues. Landlords can rest assured knowing that their properties are in good hands and that any issues that arise will be addressed promptly and effectively.

In conclusion, property management businesses play a crucial role in the real estate industry in Massachusetts. From legal compliance to maximizing profits to maintaining property value to providing peace of mind to landlords, property management companies offer a range of benefits that are essential for successful real estate ownership. Landlords who enlist the services of a reputable property management company can ensure that their investments are well-managed and profitable in the long term.

Why Open a Bakery in Massachusetts

One of the key reasons why starting a business in Massachusetts is so important is the state’s supportive business environment. With resources such as the Massachusetts Small Business Development Center Network and various incubators and accelerators, entrepreneurs have access to the tools and expertise needed to turn their ideas into successful ventures. Additionally, Massachusetts is home to top-tier educational institutions like Harvard University and MIT, which can provide a steady stream of talent and research opportunities for new businesses.

Furthermore, the state’s strong economy and high levels of consumer spending make it an ideal market for businesses looking to launch and grow. Massachusetts boasts a high median household income and a well-educated population, making it prime territory for businesses seeking to tap into a market of affluent and discerning consumers. The state’s close proximity to major cities like Boston and Cambridge also offers ample networking opportunities and access to a large pool of potential customers and investors.

In addition to the economic benefits, starting a business in Massachusetts can also have a positive impact on the local community. Small businesses play a vital role in creating vibrant main streets and supporting the overall health and well-being of neighborhoods. They often hire locally, source goods and services from nearby vendors, and contribute to the tax base that funds essential services like schools and public safety. By starting a business in Massachusetts, entrepreneurs can not only realize their own dreams of success but also give back to the communities that support them.

For aspiring entrepreneurs, Massachusetts offers a multitude of advantages that can help set them up for success. The state’s strong infrastructure, access to capital, and network of support organizations can provide the necessary foundation for new businesses to thrive. In a state known for its culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, there is a wealth of resources and opportunities available for those willing to take the leap and start a business.

Overall, starting a business in Massachusetts is important not just for the individual entrepreneur, but for the state as a whole. By fostering a climate that encourages innovation and growth, Massachusetts can continue to attract top talent and investment, fueling economic prosperity for years to come. Whether it’s technology, healthcare, or any other industry, the opportunities for business success in Massachusetts are endless.


In conclusion, embarking on the entrepreneurial journey of starting a business in Massachusetts, also known as The Bay State, requires thorough research, planning, and dedication. Understanding the local business landscape, choosing the right structure, and complying with all regulatory requirements are essential steps to ensuring your venture’s success. This article has provided valuable insights and guidance for aspiring entrepreneurs looking to seize the opportunities present in Massachusetts’s dynamic economy. By leveraging available resources and approaching the process with diligence and determination, you can lay the foundation for a thriving and prosperous business in Massachusetts.

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